What should the ideal light field of a headlight look like?

Usually we look at the wall projection of a headlight when we evaluate its light field.
Our comparison of light fields shows how their road projection looks like and what makes an ideal light distribution. Have a look yourse

Optimale Ausleuchtung

Der optimale Lichtkegel ist geschichtet und hat in der Wandprojektion an der Oberkante einen sehr hellen Streifen (hohe lux-Werte) mit scharfer Hell-Dunkel-Grenze und wird nach unten kontinuierlich dunkler. Richtig eingestellt erzeugt ein solcher Scheinwerfer eine sehr gleichmäßige Ausleuchtung, mit der eine weite Sicht möglicht ist.

  • 1

    evenly distributed

  • 2

    rotationally symmetric

  • 3

    rotationally symmetric, adjusted upwards

  • 4

    layered

Bad sight to far distance

A light without focalising optical system shines horizontally to a vertical wall. Its light field looks completely even on the wall surface.
The same light shining to the floor will make a different light field. It is very bright nearby, in far distance it will shine far less brightly (it decreases with the square of the distance).
The human eye adapts to the too bright near field. You will have a very bad sight to far distance.

Bad sight to far distance

Many bike headlights have rotationally symmetric optics like torches. Their wall projection has a bright centre spot.
Shining to the floor its light field is very bright nearby. Looking to far distance the light soon decreases and it is difficult to see.

Attention: Danger of Blinding

People often adjust rotationally symmetric lights upwards in order to have better sight to far distance. This way the light field will become a lot more even. However, the light that shines upwards is of no use. Oncoming traffic gets blinded!

Ideal Illumination of the road lane

The ideal light field is layered. There is a very bright stripe at its upper edge (high Lux values) wih a sharp cut-off to the top. Looking further downwards light continuously becomes less bright. If adjusted correctly, such a light will make a very evenly distributed lightfield on the road. It allows for good sight to far distance.

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SON 28 versus SONdelux

SON hub dynamos uses two types of generators: SON28 and SONdelux.